Many wandered free with little more evidence of their connection to humanity than collars with a hook at the bottom to catch on fences as they tried to leap over them to get at crops. That separation lasted so long that it fostered divergent evolution; for instance, the development of rattlesnakes on one side of the Atlantic and of vipers on the other. Their artificial re-establishment of connections through the commingling of Old and New World plants, animals, and bacteria, commonly known as the Columbian Exchange, is one of the more spectacular and significant ecological events of the past millennium. If you have access to a class set of computers you can have students look up their recipes on recipes. Write the correct letter A-H in boxes 1-8 on your answer sheet. When Christopher Columbus and his men came to the Americas over 500 years ago, they brought horses, chickens, and wheat bread from Europe.
Fences were not for keeping livestock in, but for keeping livestock out. Their influence on Old World peoples, like that of wheat and rice on New World peoples, goes far to explain the global population explosion of the past three centuries. Questions 1-8 Reading Passage has eight paragraphs A-H. C As might be expected, the Europeans who settled on the east coast of the United States cultivated crops like wheat and apples, which they had brought with them. Once you find your worksheet, click on pop-out icon or print icon to worksheet to print or download. Please contact with any questions. After 1492, human voyagers in part reversed this tendency.
Purchase through these links helps to keep this educational website online and free. Columbian Exchange Showing top 8 worksheets in the category - Columbian Exchange. Animal Exchange Next we moved on to the exchange of animals. Then ask them to raise their hand if they turned to a zero in the second round, then the third round, and so forth. In 1738 alone, the epidemic destroyed half the Cherokee; in 1759 nearly half the Catawbas; in the first years of the next century, two thirds of the Omahas and perhaps half the entire population between the Missouri River and New Mexico; in 1837-38 nearly every last one of the Mandans and perhaps half the people of the high plains.
I explained that after 80 years only 1 million people still lived in Central Mexico. Amerindians had not adapted to European germs, and so initially their numbers plunged. In every class there was one student that was able to explain that it was a series of trades between Europe and the Americas. Smallpox was the worst and the most spectacular of the infectious diseases mowing down the Native Americans. This was a really successful lesson with a good mix of activities and direct instruction! It's called Columbian because it started with Columbus, and because people traded, or exchanged, things with each other. Which paragraph contains the following information? H All this had nothing to do with superiority or inferiority of biosystems in any absolute sense.
Native Americans also raised European horses and chickens. The two students multiply their numbers to create a new number. The Native Americans had never seen any of those things before. Columbian Exchange Printable Worksheets For more of our free educational materials on the Columbian Exchange, click. This really put it in perspective for the students.
But it did not take long for Europeans to start growing American foods, and for Native Americans to start growing foods that came from Europe. More importantly, they were stripping and burning forests, exposing the native minor flora to direct sunlight, and the hooves and teeth of Old World livestock. Horses arrived in Virginia as early as 1620 and in Massachusetts in 1629. All links are deemed relevant and are not placed merely for profit. One of the big topics we cover in 5th grade is the Columbian Exchange. Thus, as they intentionally sowed Old World crop seeds, the European settlers were unintentionally contaminating American fields with weed seeds.
Among these germs were those that carried smallpox, measles, chickenpox, influenza, malaria, and yellow fever. It was a fun way to get the students excited about the lesson. I started my class with a self start worksheet. The first recorded pandemic of that disease in British North America detonated among the Algonquin of Massachusetts in the early 1630s. I then returned to the PowerPoint and showed the students the devastating statistics of deaths caused by disease in the Americas.
. All students will have a number 1 except for one student who will have a 0. The Columbian Exchange A Millions of years ago, continental drift carried the Old World and New World apart, splitting North and South America from Eurasia and Africa. Help explain to students how disease can spread exponentially through populations. The missionaries and the traders who ventured into the American interior told the same appalling story about smallpox and the indigenes.
Have students return to their seats and ask them to raise their hand if they ended with a zero almost all of the hands will raise. The Europeans had never seen the potatoes, peanuts, tomatoes, cocoa, or corn grown by the Native Americans. E Native American resistance to the Europeans was ineffective. Indigenous peoples suffered from white brutality, alcoholism, the killing and driving off of game, and the expropriation of farmland, but all these together are insufficient to explain the degree of their defeat. Plus more free social studies resources and links on this blog! Who reported the same story of European diseases among the indigenes from the American interior? I had to explain that this was only graded on participation but that they should try their best because the best score would get candy! B When Europeans first touched the shores of the Americas, Old World crops such as wheat, barley, rice, and turnips had not travelled west across the Atlantic, and New World crops such as maize, white potatoes, sweet potatoes, and manioc had not travelled east to Europe. Something about the Revolutionary War and Colonization makes this girl sing! Some of the worksheets displayed are The columbian exchange, Columbian exchange work, European expansion and colonization, Activity trading in the old worldnew world market, Common core lesson plan, Fcps world ii sol standards whii 4d 4e 4f and 5e the, Columbian exchange activity, Advanced critical reading. Worksheet will open in a new window.